Developing and validating multiple choice test item

This specification is part of the W3C Speech Interface Framework and has been developed within the W3C Voice Browser Activity by participants in the Voice Browser Working Group (W3C Members only).

developing and validating multiple choice test item-90developing and validating multiple choice test item-4

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at

This document has been reviewed by W3C Members and other interested parties, and it has been endorsed by the Director as a W3C Recommendation.

Its background, basic concepts and use are presented in Section 1.

The dialog constructs of form, menu and link, and the mechanism (Form Interpretation Algorithm) by which they are interpreted are then introduced in Section 2.

In addition, the objective scoring associated with multiple choice test items frees them from problems with scorer inconsistency that can plague scoring of essay questions.

Validity is the degree to which a test measures the learning outcomes it purports to measure.

Multiple choice test items can be written to assess various levels of learning outcomes, from basic recall to application, analysis, and evaluation.

Because students are choosing from a set of potential answers, however, there are obvious limits on what can be tested with multiple choice items.

Because students can typically answer a multiple choice item much more quickly than an essay question, tests based on multiple choice items can typically focus on a relatively broad representation of course material, thus increasing the validity of the assessment.

The key to taking advantage of these strengths, however, is construction of good multiple choice items.

W3C's role in making the Recommendation is to draw attention to the specification and to promote its widespread deployment.

Tags: , ,