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This review article focuses in particular on their claim that the good correlation between “varve” counts in Japan’s Lake Suigetsu (Fig.
1) and the radiocarbon ages for plant fossils found within the lake’s sediments present an unanswerable argument for an old earth.
The Bio Logos Foundation has published a popular-level article by old-earth geologists Gregg Davidson and Ken Wolgemuth presenting arguments for an old earth.
For instance, the Institute for Creation Research has on display multiple examples of fossils from the Green River Formation. 2a) contains the fossilized fish Diplomystus dentatus and Knightia eocaena. (a) A fossilized Diplomystus dentatus (the large fish) and Knightia eocaena (the smaller fish) in a slab from the Green River Formation.
Close inspection reveals many fine laminations (fig. Although there is disagreement among creation scientists as to whether or not the Green River Formation represents a Flood or very early post-Flood depositional environment (Oard and Whitmore 2006; Oard and Klevberg 2008; Whitmore and Garner 2008), one thing is clear: because these fish were preserved, the thin layers must have formed quickly around them, before the fish could decay or be eaten by other scavengers (Whitmore 2009). Many laminations (b) are clearly visible and must have formed quickly before the fish could decompose. Finally, the latest empirical research has demonstrated that thinly-bedded mudrocks, which make up much of the world’s deposits of laminae and the majority of the geologic record, form much differently than previously thought.
However, careful examination of the papers they cite shows that this apparent agreement is the result of the typical uniformitarian circular reasoning.
Furthermore, Davidson and Wolgemuth made numerous errors in their article (even within their own uniformitarian framework) which cause one to question whether they carefully read all of the technical papers they cited.
However, recent research by Schieber, Southard and Thaisen (2007) and Schieber and Yawar (2009), using the Indiana University Flume Laboratory, has demonstrated that the commonly observed laminated mudrocks, so prevalent throughout the rock record and around the globe, formed by moving water, and energetic deposition.
Their experiments showed that mudrocks, and laminae in particular, form not by slow deposition out of a stagnant water column, but by flowing water at speeds of 0.3 m/sec (1 ft/sec).
Their article claims that the very large number of Lake Suigetsu varve counts is strong evidence for an old earth.
Creation scientists would argue that most of the lamination couplets are not true annual events.
This deposit formed within just a few hours (Morris and Austin 2009, 50, 52–54). “A Novel Approach to Varve Counting Using μXRF and X-Radiography in Combination with Thin-Section Microscopy, Applied to the Late Glacial Chronology from Lake Suigetsu, Japan.” Quaternary Geochronology 13: 70–80.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating